The author tries to present contemporary methods of composing thematic maps. It is believed that the use of cartography in historical research will help in the visualization of research effects, allows to make new hypotheses and is also a good way to popularize your own research. The author points out that any attempt to present the statistics in a form other than a table, helps in understanding of the presented values. ; The thematic maps can represent all social phenomena, economic and political, which are in interest of historians. The author presents the most important methods used in cartography: dot distribution map, isarithmic and isopleth, dasymetric, proportional symbols and choropleth map, indicating that the last two of them, seems to be the most useful in the practice of mapping by historians. Substantive content is enriched by ten color maps, the result of research and studies on cartography.