Group publication title:
This article is dedicated to the chaplain of the legendary major "Hubal" as well as a few other partisan units in the years 1940-1945, who later became one of the first Polish chaplains that moved to the Western Recovered Lands. In the post-war Polish reality, he seemed, however, a confused person. Ludwik Mucha received his holy orders in France, where he worked actively to help the Polish community. ; After returning to Poland, he settled in the monastery in Gostyń and after that in Studzianna. When the war broke out, he was arrested by the Germans. When he was released, he met personally with Major Henryk Dobrzański and declared his intention of joining his unit. In January 1940, Ludwik Mucha had his swearing in ceremony and received his uniform and his nickname "Pyrka" given to him by the major himself. He celebrated masses, organized supplies, took part in intense battles. ; When his health condition worsened, he had to leave the unit. Nevertheless, he continued his underground resistance activities in "Armia Krajowa" (Home Army). After the war he moved to the so-called Recovered Lands as one of the first priests and in 1952 he became the parish priest in Czerwieńsk in the Lubuskie Province. He was an able organizer. He inquired for a building for the presbytery, strived to renovate the churches and stubbornly aimed to organize religion classes. ; At the same time, he engaged in the activities of the pro-government organization of the "patriot priests". It was probably caused by the dramatic events of the war and the recollection of the social problems Poland faced during the interwar period. His activity as a "patriot priest" became most visible when the newspaper "Gazeta Lubuska" printed his article that condemned Cz. Kaczmarek, the bishop of Kielce, who was sentenced in an exemplary way in a trial in September 1953. ; In 1957, the parish priest, who was already conflicted with the curate, was transferred to Konradowo by the decision of the bishop T. Bensch. In the understanding of the "Służby Bezpieczeństwa" (Security Service), it was a punishment for his activity as a "patriot priest". It was concluded that Fr. Mucha is usually loyal to the communist authorities but he cannot take a decisive and desirable stand on the issue of his superiors. Fr. Ludwik Mucha died on February 16, 1962 at the age of 57. ; Given the fact that he got confused in the intricacies of the Polish politics, the opinions regarding his person varied - while the government glorified him, some representatives of the church expressed, though not publicly, their criticism towards Fr. Mucha. The parishioners had very fond memories of their parish priest and on April 27 2002, he was declared the Honorary Citizen of the City and the District of Czerwieńsk.