The ideal of a Roman woman differed substantially from the mythical image of Dido the queen of Carthage as well as the conduct of Cleopatra the queen of Egypt. Both Vergil and Plutarch describing Dido or Cleopatra did not criticise directly the women lifestyles. Nonetheless, they did emphasize in their detailed descriptions their improper behaviour which for the reader of that time was explicitly blameworthy. ; The criticism of the characters was not expressed directly - it was a deliberate intention of the writers. Skilfully led by the author, the reader was able to draw the 'right' conclusions as he was going deeply in to the literary work.Furthermore, by comparing the description of Dido and Aeneas by Vergil with the descriptionof Cleopatra and her lovers by Plutarch, one may notice some similarities which are not accidental. ; Romans relationships with woman rulers of eastern customs were always seen as improperand led to the threat of the Roman Empire. However, it seems that neither literature nor official propaganda brought the required effect. It is further proved by Pompeian painting full of various representations of Dido and Cleopatra but lacking the representation of Lavinia - a young Roman woman's ideal popularised by Vergil.